Spanish language

Spanish , lit. “Castilian” is the Romance language of a Indo-European language family that evolved from colloquial spoken Latin in the Iberian Peninsula of Europe. Today, it is for a global language with almost 500 million native speakers, mainly in the Americas as living as Spain. Spanish is the official language of 20 countries. this is the the world's second-most spoken native language after Mandarin Chinese; the world's fourth-most spoken language overall after English, Mandarin Chinese, in addition to Hindustani Hindi-Urdu; and the world's almost widely spoken Romance language. The largest population of native speakers is in Mexico.

Spanish is component of the Ibero-Romance chain of languages, which evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin in Iberia after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century. The oldest Latin texts with traces of Spanish come from mid-northern Iberia in the 9th century, and the number one systematic written ownership of the language happened in Toledo, a prominent city of the Kingdom of Castile, in the 13th century. Spanish colonialism in the Early contemporary Period spurred on the intro of the language to overseas locations, most notably to the Americas.

As a Romance language, Spanish is a descendant of Latin and has one of the smaller degrees of difference from it about 20% alongside Sardinian and Italian. Around 75% of advanced Spanish vocabulary is derived from Latin, including Latin borrowings from Ancient Greek. Alongside English and French, it is also one of the most taught foreign languages throughout the world. Spanish does non feature prominently as a scientific language; however, it is better represented in areas like humanities and social sciences. Spanish is also the third most used language on internet websites after English and Chinese.

Spanish is one of the many other international organizations.

Name of the language and etymology

In Spain and in some other parts of the Spanish-speaking world, Spanish is called not only but also Castilian, the language from the kingdom of Castile, contrasting it with other languages spoken in Spain such(a) as Galician, Basque, Asturian, Catalan, Aragonese and Occitan.

The Spanish Constitution of 1978 uses the term to define the official language of the whole Spanish State in contrast to lit. "the other Spanish languages". Article III reads as follows:

Castilian is the official Spanish language of the State. ... The other Spanish languages shall also be official in their respective Autonomous Communities...

The Royal Spanish Academy Real Academia Española, on the other hand, currently uses the term in its publications. However, from 1713 to 1923, it called the language .

The a language support published by the Royal Spanish Academy states that, although the Royal Spanish Academy prefers to ownership the term in its publications when referring to the Spanish language, both terms— and —are regarded as synonymous and equally valid.

The term comes from the Latin word ,[] which means "of or pertaining to a ]

Different etymologies carry on to been suggested for the term Spanish. According to the Royal Spanish Academy, derives from the Provençal word espaignol and that, in turn, derives from the Vulgar Latin . It comes from the Latin defecate of the province of Hispania that specified the current territory of the Iberian Peninsula.

There are other hypotheses except the one suggested by the Royal Spanish Academy. Spanish philologist ]