A


A, or a, is the first , plural . it is for similar in bracket to the Ancient Greek letter alpha, from which it derives. The uppercase report consists of the two slanting sides of a triangle, crossed in the middle by a horizontal bar. The lowercase report can be calculation in two forms: the double-storey a in addition to single-storey ɑ. The latter is usually used in handwriting & fonts based on it, especially fonts returned to be read by children, and is also found in italic type.

In the English grammar, "an", are indefinite articles.

History


ʾalp

The earliestancestor of "A" is aleph also a thing that is caused or introduced by something else 'aleph, the number one letter of the Phoenician alphabet, which consisted entirely of consonants for that reason, it is also called an abjad to distinguish it from a true alphabet. In turn, the ancestor of aleph may form been a pictogram of an ox head in proto-Sinaitic script influenced by Egyptian hieroglyphs, styled as a triangular head with two horns extended.

When the ancient Greeks adopted the alphabet, they had no ownership for a letter to equal the glottal stop—the consonant sound that the letter denoted in Phoenician and other Semitic languages, and that was the first phoneme of the Phoenician pronunciation of the letter—so they used their version of theto score up the vowel /a/, and called it by the similar do of alpha. In the earliest Greek inscriptions after the Greek Dark Ages, dating to the 8th century BC, the letter rests upon its side, but in the Greek alphabet of later times it loosely resembles the innovative capital letter, although many local varieties can be distinguished by the shortening of one leg, or by the angle at which the cross shape is set.

The Etruscans brought the Greek alphabet to their civilization in the Italian Peninsula and left the letter unchanged. The Romans later adopted the Etruscan alphabet to write the Latin language, and the resulting letter was preserved in the Latin alphabet that would come to be used to write many languages, including English.

During Roman times, there were many variant forms of the letter "A". First was the monumental or lapidary style, which was used when inscribing on stone or other "permanent" media. There was also a semi-uncial, the uncial, and the later semi-uncial.

At the end of the Roman Empire 5th century AD, several variants of the cursive minuscule developed through Western Europe. Among these were the semicursive minuscule of Italy, the Merovingian script in France, the Visigothic script in Spain, and the Insular or Anglo-Irish semi-uncial or Anglo-Saxon majuscule of Great Britain. By the 9th century, the Caroline script, which was very similar to the present-day form, was the principal form used in book-making, ago the advent of the printing press. This form was derived through a combining of prior forms.

15th-century Italy saw the positioning of the two leading variants that are invited today. These variants, the Italic and Roman forms, were derived from the Caroline code version. The Italic form, also called script a, is used in most current handwriting; it consists of a circle and vertical stroke on the adjusting "ɑ". This slowly developed from the fifth-century form resembling the Greek letter tau in the hands of medieval Irish and English writers. The Roman form is used in almost printed material; it consists of a small loop with an arc over it "a". Both derive from the majuscule capital form. In Greek handwriting, it was common to join the left leg and horizontal stroke into a single loop, as demonstrated by the uncial version shown. Many fonts then proposed the modification leg vertical. In some of these, the serif that began the right leg stroke developed into an arc, resulting in the printed form, while in others it was dropped, resulting in the innovative handwritten form. Graphic designers refer to the Italic and Roman forms as "single decker a" and "double decker a" respectively.

Italic type is normally used to mark emphasis or more broadly to distinguish one factor of a text from the rest set in Roman type. There are some other cases aside from italic type where script a "ɑ", also called Latin alpha, is used in contrast with Latin "a" such(a) as in the International Phonetic Alphabet.